COVID-19: prevention and future initiative within nursing homes




long term living facilities, elderly, older individuals, SARS-CoV-2


The high COVID-19 mortality rate in nursing homes in the United States and internationally prompted a comprehensive mini literature review concerning the prevalence, preventative protocol, and proactive initiatives against the highly infectious COVID-19. PubMed articles published between January and June 2020 and data sourced from government ministries of health concerning COVID-19 in nursing homes were used for this review. The prevalence and mortality rate in seven countries were compared. The underlying theme of the articles reviewed addressed four focus areas for the prevention of infectious disease spread: diagnostics, protection of residents in nursing facilities, administration and staff protection, and legislative advocacy. Adaptations and solutions may reduce the current transmission of COVID-19 within nursing homes, as well as in the future.


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Abrams HR, Loomer L, Gandhi A, Grabowski DC. Characteristics of U.S. Nursing Homes with COVID‑19 Cases. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2020 Jul 7;68(8):1653-1656.

Cohen MA, Tavares J. Who are the Most At-Risk Older Adults in the COVID-19 Era? It’s Not Just Those in Nursing Homes. Journal of Aging & Social Policy. 2020 May 17;32(4-5):380-386.

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Hsu A, Lane N. Impact of COVID-19 on residents of Canada's long-term care homes - ongoing challenges and policy response. Accessed 2020 June 15.

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Kimball A, Hatfield KM, Arons M, James A, Taylor J, Spicer K, Bardossy AC, Oakley LP, Tanwar S, Chisty Z, Bell JM, Methner M, Harney J, Jacobs JR, Carlson CM, McLaughlin HP, Stone N, Clark S, Brostrom-Smith C, Page LC, Kay M, Lewis J, Russell D, Hiatt B, Gant J, Duchin JS, Clark TA, Honein MA, Reddy SC, Jernigan JA, Baer A, Barnard LM, Benoliel E, Fagalde MS, Ferro J, Smith HG, Gonzales E, Hatley N, Hatt G, Hope M, Huntington-Frazier M, Kawakami V, Lenahan JL, Lukoff MD, Maier EB, McKeirnan S, Montgomery P, Morgan JL, Mummert LA, Pogosjans S, Riedo FX, Schwarcz L, Smith D, Stearns S, Sykes KJ, Whitney H, Ali H, Banks M, Balajee A, Chow EJ, Cooper B, Currie DW, Dyal J, Healy J, Hughes M, McMichael TM, Nolen L, Olson C, Rao AK, Schmit K, Schwartz NG, Tobolowsky F, Zacks R, Zane S. Asymptomatic and Presymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infections in Residents of a Long-Term Care Skilled Nursing Facility — King County, Washington, March 2020. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2020 Apr 3;69(13):377-381.

Dora AV, Winnett A, Jatt LP, Davar K, Watanabe M, Sohn L, Kern HS, Graber CJ, Goetz MB. Universal and Serial Laboratory Testing for SARS-CoV-2 at a Long-Term Care Skilled Nursing Facility for Veterans — Los Angeles, California, 2020. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2020 May 29;69(21):651-655.

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Quigley DD, Dick A, Agarwal M, Jones KM, Mody L, Stone PW. COVID‑19 Preparedness in Nursing Homes in the Midst of the Pandemic. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2020 May 12;68(6):1164-1166.

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How to Cite

Wrona M, Tobis S, Wieczorowska-Tobis K, Neumann-Podczaska A. COVID-19: prevention and future initiative within nursing homes. JMS [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];89(3):e451. Available from:



Thousand words about...
Received 2020-07-28
Accepted 2020-09-19
Published 2020-09-30