The role of viruses in the cancerogenesis


  • Michał Chojnicki Deptartment of Biology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Mariola Pawlaczyk Deptartment of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Celina Helak-Łapaj Deptartment of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Chair of Pathology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Jakub Żurawski Deptartment of Biology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Krzysztof Wiktorowicz Deptartment of Biology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland



cancers, cancerogensis, viruses


It is estimated that seven key viruses such as Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV), Human papilloma viruses (HPV), Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes-virus (KSHV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV), are responsible for about 11% of cancers all over the world. Viruses however are not only associated with cancerogenesis process. Scientific researches from recent years emphasize the possible use of the microorganisms as antitumor therapy. Oncoviruses, also defined as tumor viruses cause cancers whereas oncolytic viruses infect the host’s cancer cells leading to destruction of tumor and due to that they are described as cancer killing viruses. It offers the potential application of viral infections to the cancer therapy.


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How to Cite

Chojnicki M, Pawlaczyk M, Helak-Łapaj C, Żurawski J, Wiktorowicz K. The role of viruses in the cancerogenesis. JMS [Internet]. 2014 Jun. 30 [cited 2023 Sep. 25];83(2):152-5. Available from:



Review Papers
Received 2016-02-17
Published 2014-06-30