The possible negative effects of prolonged technology-based online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic on body functions and wellbeing: a review article


  • Shimaa Mohammad Yousof Associate Professor of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
  • Rasha Eid Alsawat King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
  • Jumana Ali Almajed King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
  • Ameera Abdulaziz Alkhamesi King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
  • Renad Mane Alsuhaimi King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
  • Shrooq Abdulrhman Alssed King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
  • Iman Mohmad Wahby Salem Professor of Community Medicine, Saudi Arabia, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh; Community Medicine Department, Al Azhar University, Egypt



COVID-19, Pandemics, Technology-based Learning, Smartphones, Tablets, Body Functions, Cognitive Function, Sleep, Headache, Life Style, Food Habits, Earphones, Headphones, Eye Fatigue, Low Back Pain


The COVID-19 pandemic has had impact on life on a global scale, however, one of the most affected aspects are the teaching and learning practices. Advances in technology have made distance learning a good alternative option for on-site learning, as students can both interact with one another and with the tutor, use audio, video, text to learn, as well as use the internet for research purposes. However, this mode of education will extend throughout 2020 and early 2021, which could have negative implications on the health and body functions of university students. This review aims to shed light on the negative consequences of the prolonged technology-based, remote online learning on the students’ wellbeing. Therefore, in this review we will discuss some of the physiological functions and body systems which could be affected during the COVID-19 pandemic in an attempt to suggest preventive measures in advance for safe technology-based learning.


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How to Cite

Yousof SM, Eid Alsawat R, Ali Almajed J, Abdulaziz Alkhamesi A, Mane Alsuhaimi R, Abdulrhman Alssed S, Salem IMW. The possible negative effects of prolonged technology-based online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic on body functions and wellbeing: a review article. JMS [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 3 [cited 2023 Jun. 1];90(3):e522. Available from:



Review Papers
Received 2021-05-24
Accepted 2021-08-03
Published 2021-09-03