The Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak: The Israeli Experience




COVID-19, Coronavirus, World Health Organization, worldwide spread, infection, disease


Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-COV) and Sever Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-COV). The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) refers to the cluster of viral pneumonia cases which first started occurring in Wuhan city, which has a population of 11 million people and is the largest city in Hubei province in central China, since December 2019. On Tuesday, the 11th of February 2020, the WHO officially named the disease caused by the new coronavirus "COVID-19", with more than 43,000 patients, and more than 1,000 deaths cases were reported in China. The Government of Israel, the Prime Minister's Office in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Defense and the Treasury, have decided to take early first steps to prevent the spread of the virus in the Country. The first step was banning Chinese tourists from entering the country via Ben-Gurion International Airport, and this was only the beginning, as afterwards the decision was made to close all border crossings. The idea was to reduce the number of entrances to the State of Israel as much as possible, and every citizen coming back from countries such as China and European countries was directly sent to home quarantine for a period of 14 days.


Download data is not yet available.


World health organization. Coronavirus.‑topics/coronavirus (Accessed 2020-03-06).

Center of health protection of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government. COVID-19. (Accessed 2020-03-04).

Liron Z, Feng R, Mingxing H, Lijun L, SARS‑COV-2 Viral Load in Upper Respiratory Specimens of Infected Patients. The new England Journal of Medicine. March 19, 2020. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc2001737.

Li Q, Guan X, Wu P, Wang X, Zhou L, Tong Y, Ren R, Leung KSM, Lau EHY, Wong JY, Xing X, Xiang N, Wu Y, Li C, Chen Q, Li D, Liu T, Zhao J, Liu M, Tu W, Chen C, Jin L, Yang R, Wang Q, Zhou S, Wang R, Liu H, Luo Y, Liu Y, Shao G, Li H, Tao Z, Yang Y, Deng Z, Liu B, Ma Z, Zhang Y, Shi G, Lam TTY, Wu JT, Gao GF, Cowling BJ, Yang B, Leung GM, Feng Z. Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus‑Infected Pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 26;382(13):1199–1207. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2001316.

Woo Chan JF, Shuofeng Y, Kin‑Hang K, A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person‑to‑person transmission: a study of a family cluster. 2020 February 15; 395(10223):514–523.

Juan D. Wuhan wet market closes amid pneumonia outbreak. China Daily, Jan 1, 2020. (Accessed Jan 1, 2020).

Corman VM, Landt O, Kaiser M, Molenkamp R. Detection of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by real‑time RT‑PCR. Jan 23, 2020.

Xiaoxia L, Liqiong Z, Hui D, Jingjing Z, et al. SARS‑COV-2 infection in children. The new England Journal of Medicine. March 18, 2020. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc2005073.

Centers for Dieses Control and Prevention. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).‑testing/symptoms.html (Accessed 2020-03-13).

Center for disease control and prevention. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). How COVID-19 spreads. (Accessed 2020-03-04).

Knight V, Heredia C. Planes, Trains and Automobiles: What does a deep clean mean? Scientic American. March 17, 2020.‑infected‑coronavirus‑passengers‑board‑Diamond‑Princess‑cruise‑ship‑NO‑symptoms.html (Accessed 2020-03-13).

Davidson institute of science education. Coronavirus outbreak.התפרצות-הקורונה-עדכונים-אחרונים. (Accessed 2020-03-22). Live updates — Gaza reports first coronavirus cases.‑news/dozens‑of‑new‑york‑hasidic‑jews‑in‑coronavirus‑quarantine‑after‑arriving‑in‑israel-1.8689682 (Accessed 2020-03-22).–03–04/poland‑reports‑first‑coronavirus‑case‑health‑minister (Accessed 2020-04-03). (English).‑w-polsce‑nowe‑przypadki‑zakazenia-4328168 (Accessed 2020-03-09).‑minister‑we‑must‑maintain‑social‑distancing‑for‑the‑sake‑of‑the‑fight‑against‑the.html (Accessed 2020-03-31).‑coronavirus‑covid-19-new‑cases‑by‑report/ (Accessed 2020-04-02).‑coronavirus-2019ncov‑cases‑worldwide‑by‑country (Accessed 2020-04-03). .Ministry of Health: Guidelines for the Suspicion of "Chinese Virus Issues.,7340,L-5664783,00.html (Accessed 2020-01-23). Cross‑border Protocol — Coping with the Corona Virus's New Disease. Head of Public Health Services Ministry of Health. Israel. (Accessed 2020-01-30). The new novel coronavirus. (Accessed 2020-03-04). Home Insulation Guidelines. the Israeli Ministry of Health. (Accessed 2020-02-01).

Emergency regulations (new novel coronavirus‑activity restrictions) Prime Minister Office. The state of Israel. (Accessed 2020-03-20). Israeli Prime Minister's Office. (Accessed 2020-03-31).

www.DKV.GLOBAL/COVID-19-health‑safety.‑safety (Accessed 2020-04-02).



How to Cite

Sabbah MY. The Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak: The Israeli Experience. JMS [Internet]. 2020Mar.31 [cited 2020May26];89(1):e413. Available from:



Review Papers