The occurrence of abnormal body weight values and selected eating habits and physical activity of nurses
Keywords:BMI, lifestyle, nutrition, public health, vitamin
Aim. The aim of the research was to analyze the incidence of abnormal body weight values and to assess eating habits and physical activity of nurses.
Material and Methods. The studies involved all first‑year nursing students of the second degree daily studies, working as a nurse. The women’s eating habits were analyzed based the diet. The questionnaire allowed the researchers to determine daily consumption of each particular dietary component (proteins, carbohydrates, fats, fatty acids, vitamins) as well as the women’s calorie consumption.
Results. The analysis showed that the group of underweight participants was comprised of 5 students (group I), the group of participants with normal body weight — of 43 students (group II), and the group of participants with excessive body weight — of 10 students (group III). Group II students spent the longest time on (moderate and intense) physical activity (on average 378 minutes/week), whereas group III students — the shortest (on average 203 minutes/week). While analyzing the average protein intake, it was found that all groups exceeded its daily requirement. The intake of sodium and cholesterol was exceeded more than twice of the recommended amount. A very low intake of vitamin D — covering from 40 to 48% of the daily requirement — was observed in all groups.
Conclusions. Despite the fact that the nurses’ diet includes all nutrients necessary for the body, it is not properly balanced which obliges to raising awareness of types of consumed food.
Godino JG, Watkinson C, Corder K et al. Awareness of physical activity in healthy middle‑aged adults: a cross‑sectional study of associations with sociodemographic, biological, behavioural, and psychological factors. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:421–429.
Sengupta P, Chaudhuri P, Bhattacharya K. Screening Obesity by Direct and Derived Anthropometric Indices with Evaluation of Physical Efficiency Among Female College Students of Kolkata. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2013;4:517–522.
Walentukiewicz A, Łysak A, Wilk B. Assessment of students’ nutrition in context of prevention of civilization diseases. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2014;3:772–777.
Ponczek D, Olszowy I. The lifestyle of youth and its impact on health. Probl Hig Epidemol. 2012; 2:260–268.
Stefańska E, Ostrowska L, Radziejewska I et al. Mode of nutrition in students of the Medical University of Bialystok according to their place of residence during the study period. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2010;4:585–590.
Ślusarska B, Szcześniak E, Zarzycka D et al. Knowledge and opinions of students on problems associated with obesity. MONZ. 2014;3:229–234.
Al‑Kandari F, Vidal VL, Thomas D. Health‑promoting lifestyle and body mass index among College of Nursing students in Kuwait: A correlational study. Nurs Health Sci. 2008; 1:43–50.
Regulation of the Health Minister 07.11.2007 on the type and scope of preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitation services provided by a nurse or midwife without a doctor's order. DU 210, 1540.
Szponar L, Wolnicka K, Rychlik E. Album of photographs of food products and dishes. National Food and Nutrition Institute. Poland, Warsaw 2010.
Jarosz M. The standard of nutrition for the Polish population — amendment. National Food and Nutrition Institute. Poland, Warsaw 2017.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition. December 2015. Available at http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines.
Biernat E, Stupnicki R, Gajewski AK. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) – Polish version. Physical Education and Sport. 2007;51:47–54.
Olszanecka‑Glinianowicz M, Chudek J. The level of health education in the Polish population. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2013;3:559–565.
Stepaniak U, Micek A, Waśkiewicz A et al. Prevalence of general and abdominal obesity and overweight among adults in Poland. Results of the WOBASZ II study (2013–2014) and comparison with the WOBASZ study (2003–2005). Pol Arch Med Wewn. 2016;18,9: 662–671.
Krzysztoszek J, Wierzejska E, Zielińska A. Obesity. Ananalysis of epidemiological and prognostic research. Arch Med Sci. 2015;1:24–33.
Parker J, Branum A, Axelrad D et al. Adjusting National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey sample weights for women of childbearing age. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat. 2013;2:157.
Snopek S, Szostak‑Węgierek D, Ziołkowska A. Prevalence of lifestyle characteristics increasing the risk of lipid disorders in young male medical students. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2009;4:598–603.
Piekarzewska M, Zajenkowska‑Kozłowska A. Health and health behavior of residents of Poland in the light of the European Research Survey of Health (EHIS) 2014. Central Statistical Office. Poland, Warsaw 2015.
Mealha V, Ferreira C, Guerra I et al. Students of dietetics & nutrition; a high risk group for eating disorders? Nutr Hosp. 2013;5:1558–1566.
Litwic‑Kaminska K, Izdebski P. The concept, subjective health assessment, healthy behaviours and physical activity level in early adulthood. Polish J Sport Med. 2012;3(4),28: 167–178.
Nowak‑Zaleska A, Zalesk R, Wilk B et al. Motivations for undertaking physical activity by first‑year students of Faculty of Physical Education in 2000 and 2010. Balt J Health Phys Act. 2014;1:41–47.
Bergier J, Bergier B, Kubińska Z. Free time and the physical activity of nurses. Antropomotoryka. 2012;58:103–108.
Biernat E, Tomaszewski W. The relationship between physical activity and body mass index in Warsaw students. Polish J Sport Med. 2012;3:197–206.
Popkin BM, D’Anci, KE, Rosenberg IH. Water, Hydration and Health. Nutr Rev. 2010;8: 439–458.
Kosel J, Kościuczuk U, Siemiątkowski A. The effect of nutritional treatment on immune Function. Prz Gastroenterol. 2013;3:147–155.
Reguła J, Gramza‑Michałowska A, Stachowiak B. Participation of dietary supplements in adult nutrition. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2011;3:614–616.
Bieżanowska‑Kopeć R, Leszczyńska T, Kopeć A. Diet supplementation with vitamins and/or minerals among the University students in the region of Małopolska. Żyw Nauka Technol Jakość. 2010;71:132 – 140.
Marosz A, Chlubek D. The risk of abuse of vitamin supplements. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2014;1:60–64.
Kupcewicz B, Michalska E, Budzisz E. Estimation of the content of vitamin c and rutin in selected dietary supplements. Bromat Chem Toksykol. 2011;1:72–75.
Przysławski J, Bolesławska I, Kaźmierczak A. An evaluation of the level of intake of selected vitamins among students in Poznan on the background of other studies. Bromat Chem Toksykol. 2012;4:1183–1189.
Lehmann F, Lindeman K, Klewer J et al. BMI, physical inactivity, cigarette and alcohol consumption in female nursing students: a 5-year comparison. BMC Medical Education. 2014;14:82–87.
Seń M, Zacharczuk A, Lintowska A. Feeding behavior of selected students of Universities and knowledge of the health effects of poor nutrition. Piel Zdr Publ. 2012;2:113–123.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Wioletta Waksmańska, Halina Woś, Rafał Bobiński
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.