The effect of endometrioma on ovarian reserve

  • Małgorzata Agnieszka Szczepańska Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Gynecological Oncology, Division of Reproduction. Poznan University of Medical Sciences.
  • Paweł P. Jagodziński
  • Ewa Wender-Ożegowska
Keywords: endometriosis, AMH, ovarian reserve


An ovarian endometrioma is a very common form of endometriosis in women of reproductive age. This review presents the current state of research on ovarian reserve in women with ovarian endometriomas. Endometrioma can negatively affect ovarian markers: the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), antral follicle count (AFC) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF) results. Decisions on the surgical treatment of endometrial cysts should be carefully thought through, especially in women who have not given birth.