Evaluation of oral hygiene in school children from the eastern region of Wielkopolska


  • Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska Department of Orthopedics and Orthodontics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences
  • Agnieszka Sikorska Department of Orthopedics and Orthodontics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences
  • Kornela Cieślik Department of Organization and Management in Health Care, Poznan University of Medical Sciences
  • Arleta Głowacka Department of Orthopedics and Orthodontics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences
  • Maja Matthews-Kozanecka Department of Social Sciences, Poznan University of Medical Sciences




girls and boys, indicators of bacterial plaque, oral hygiene, survey


Aim. The aim of the study was to assess oral health in school-age children on the basis of subjective and objective judgement, based on selected indicators.
Material and Methods. The study included students aged 10–13 years of primary and junior-high schools in the Mid Eastern region of Wielkopolska. Oral hygiene assessment was based on a prepared subjective questionnaireas well as on the basis of indicators: API P1.I, GI, including the sex of children.
Results. Of the 161 children of school age, most of them, as many as 145 showed attention to oral health, brushing teeth twice a day; some of them apply additional measures for oral hygiene – 39 children. In both sexes there were no deviations indicators examined. Between gender showed no difference, as confirmed statistically.
Conclusions. Oral hygiene in children with high health awareness rated positively, it should be emphasized that despite noninvasiveness the research group of respondents accounted for a small percentage of the children invited to the study, which points the need to undertake educational activities on a larger scale.


Download data is not yet available.


Ristic M, Vlahovic Svabic M, Sacic M, Zelic O. Clinical and microbiological effects off fixed orthodontic appliances on periodontal tissues in adolescents. Orthod Craniofacial Res. 2007;10:187–195.

Śmiech-Słomkowska G, Strzecki A. Wpływ leczenia aparatami stałymi na formowanie biofilmu w jamie ustnej. Forum Ortodontyczne. 2009;5(4):104–117.

Pellegrini P, Sauerwein R, Finlayson T, McLeod J, Covell DA, Maier T, et al. Plaque retention by self-ligating vs elastomeric orthodontic brackets: Quantitative comparison of oral bacteria and detection with adenosine triphosphate — driven bioluminescence. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2009;135(4):426–428.

Martignon S, Ekstrand KR, Lemos MI, Lozano MP, Higuera C. Plaque, caries level and oral hygiene habits in young patients receiving orthodontic treatment. Community Dental Health. 2010;27:133–138.

Fornell ACh, Sk?ld-Larsson K, Hallgren A, Bergstrand F, Twetman S. Effect of a hydrophobic tooth coating on gingival health, mutans streptococci, and enamel demineralization in adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances. Acta Odontol Scand. 2002;60:37–41.

Laher A, Kroon J, Booyens SJ. Effectiveness of four manual toothbrushes in a cohort of patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment in an Academic Training Hospital. SADJ. 2003;58(6):231–237.

Arici S, Alkan A, Arici N. Comparison of different toothbrushing protocols in poor-toothbrushing orthodontic patients. European Journal of Orthodontics. 2007;29:488–492.

Sharma NC, Lyle DM, Qaqish JG, Galustians J, Schuller R. Effect of a dental water jet with orthodontic tip on plaque and bleeding in adolescent patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2008;133(4):565–571.

Park SY, Kim KH, Shin SY, Koo KT, Lee YM, Chung CP, Seol YJ. Decontamination methods using a dental water jet and dental floss for microthreaded implant fixtures in regenerative periimplantitis treatment. Implant Dent. 2015;24(3):307–316.

Tufekci E, Casagrande ZA, Lindauer SJ, Fowler ChE, Williams KT. Effectiveness of an essential oil mouthrinse in improving oral health in orthodontic patients. Angle Orthodontist. 2008;78(2):294–298.

Levin L, Frankenthal S, Joseph L, Rozitsky D, Levi G, Machtei EE. Water jet with adjunct chlorhexidine gel for nonsurgical treatment of peri-implantitis. Quintessence Int. 2015;46(2):133–137.

Matthews-Kozanecka M.: Zgoda na leczenie dziecka. Consent to treatment of the child. Art Dent. 2014;12(1): 58–60.

Strużycka I, Małkowska A, Stopa J. Efektywne sposoby promocji zdrowia jamy ustnej. Czas. Stomat. 2005;58(6):392–396.

Opydo-Szymaczek J, Borysewicz-Lewicka M. Zmiany w mikroflorze jamy ustnej, jako potencjalny czynnik patogenny towarzyszący leczeniu ortodontycznemu. Nowa Stomatologia. 2003;2:93–96.

Czaplińska J, Cudziło D, Matthews-Brzozowska T. Assessment of oral health in patients with fixed appliances. Dent Med Probl. 2014;51(4):506–512.

Glans R, Larsson E, Ogaard B. Longitudinal changes in gingival condition in crowded and noncrowded dentitions subjected to fixed orthodontic treatment. Am J Orhod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003;124:679–682.

Honkala S, Honkala E, Al-Sahli N. Do life-or school-satisfaction and self-esteem indicators explain the oral hygiene habits of schoolchildren? Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2007;5:337–347.

Donna H, Donna S. Role of pediatric nurse practitioners in oral health care. Acad Pediatr. 2009;9:462–466.

Śmiech-Słomkowska G. Jabłońska-Zrobek J. The effect of oral health education on dental plaque development and the level of caries-related Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp. European Journal of Orthodontics. 2007;29:157–160.

Czaplińska J, Pobol-Aidi M, Aidi N, Matthews-Brzozowska T. The advisability of oral health education of patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances. Zdr Pub. 2013;123(1):37–42.

Stodolak A, Fuglewicz A. Zapobieganie próchnicy zębów u dzieci i młodzieży oraz promocja zdrowia jamy ustnej — rola pracowników służby zdrowia. Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu. 2014;20(1):76–81.

Matthews-Brzozowska T. Czaplińska J. Cudziło D. Ocena wskaźników dziąsłowych u osób z wadami zgryzu w badaniach dwuletnich. Mag Stom. 2015;25(6):30–36.




How to Cite

Matthews-Brzozowska T, Sikorska A, Cieślik K, Głowacka A, Matthews-Kozanecka M. Evaluation of oral hygiene in school children from the eastern region of Wielkopolska. JMS [Internet]. 2016 Dec. 29 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];85(4):294-7. Available from: https://jms.ump.edu.pl/index.php/JMS/article/view/185



Original Papers
Received 2016-12-28
Published 2016-12-29