Cytokine profile in childhood asthma


  • Joanna Matysiak Faculty of Health Sciences, Calisia University, Kalisz, Poland
  • Kacper Packi Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland; AllerGen, Center of Personalized Medicine, Piotrkow Trybunalski, Poland
  • Sylwia Klimczak Department of Nucleic Acid Biochemistry, Medical University of Lodz, Poland; AllerGen, Center of Personalized Medicine, Piotrkow Trybunalski, Poland
  • Patrycja Bukowska AllerGen, Center of Personalized Medicine, Piotrkow Trybunalski, Poland
  • Eliza Matuszewska Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Agnieszka Klupczyńska-Gabryszak Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Anna Bręborowicz Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Jan Matysiak Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland



asthma, cytokines, inflammatory proteins, biomarkers


Childhood asthma is a chronic airway disease, which pathogenesis is markedly heterogeneous–with multiple phenotypes defining visible characteristics and endotypes defining molecular mechanisms. Cytokines and chemokines released during inflammatory responses are key immune mediators. The cytokine response can largely determine the susceptibility to childhood asthma and its severity. The purpose of this study was to characterize the immune profile of childhood asthma. The study involved 26 children (3–18 years old), who were divided into 2 groups: study–with childhood asthma; control–without asthma. The innovative Bio-Plex method was used to determine the serum concentration of 37 inflammatory proteins in one experiment. The results were analyzed using univariate statistical tests. In the study group, the level of the 10 tested markers increased, while the level of the remaining 9 decreased compared to the control; a statistically significant reduction in concentration was obtained only for the MMP-1(p<0.05). According to the ROC curve, MMP-1 can be considered an effective discriminator of childhood asthma (p<0.05; AUC=0.752). Cytokines/chemokines may be useful in the diagnosis of childhood asthma and may also become a prognostic target in determining the phenotype/endotype of this condition. This study should be a prelude to and an incentive for more complex proteomic analyzes.


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How to Cite

Matysiak J, Packi K, Klimczak S, Bukowska P, Matuszewska E, Klupczyńska-Gabryszak A, Bręborowicz A, Matysiak J. Cytokine profile in childhood asthma. JMS [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 16 [cited 2023 Oct. 1];91(3):e725. Available from:



Original Papers
Received 2022-08-24
Accepted 2022-09-14
Published 2022-09-16