The influence of the shift work system on dietary factors contributing to the development of cardiovascular diseases
AbstractObjectives The aim of this study was to assess eating behaviour in the group of women which in working on different, unchanged shifts as well as identifying differences in the consumption of nutrients that may increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.Material and methods The study was carried out among 300 randomly selected women working in a permanent shift (morning, afternoon, night). In the study, the assessment of the daily intake was carried out using 24-h dietary recall. Anthropometric measurements were carried out to assess the nutritional status. The interview regarding the food consumption was complemented by dietary questionnaire about selected lifestyle parameters contributing to the development of cardiovascular diseases and the type of their work.Results The BMI value in all groups was within the adequate values. The analysis of WHR showed that in the morning and night shift, this ratio exceeded the adequate values recommended in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The analysis of the daily food rations of women revealed disparities regarding nutritional recommendations. Statistically significant differences in protein and saccharose intake were observed. The average vitamin D content in the daily food rations of women was insufficient; however, it was not statistically significant.Conclusion The shift work system was influence on eating behaviours in studied women. In particular in women which were worked on the night shift, which may contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases in the future.
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